Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany, report that a larger planet has been found in the orbit of the red dwarf Gliser 486, which is only 26 light-years from Earth. This is described in an article published in the journal Science.
The researchers combined a combination of the Ling-Japanese method and radial velocity spectroscopy to analyze data collected using the MuSCAT2 camera from Spain’s 1.52-meter-tall Carlos Sanchez telescope. The exoplanet found, called Glaser 486b, is 2.8 times the mass of Earth and only 30 percent larger than Earth.
Glazer 486b orbits its host star 2.5 million kilometers every day and a half. Although the planet is close to the star, it may have retained part of its original atmosphere. It is caught by tidal forces, that is, it always faces the host star with the same one. It’s daytime surface temperature reached 700 Ervin, which may make its surface look more like Venus.
According to scientists, if its temperature continues to heat up, all of its surfaces will be lava, and its atmosphere will be vaporized rocks.